How to Choose the Right Sunscreen – Sun protection is needed throughout the year, but it becomes all the more important during summer. And choosing the right sunscreen is not an easy job. We usually try to pick our sunscreen based on our skin type. But there are various other factors associated with sunscreen, such as SPF, PA, different textures of sunscreen, type of your outdoor exposure etc. Many at times, we get confused by the large variety of sunscreens available in the market and end up getting a wrong one for us. We want to make sure that you do not repeat the same mistake again, and that’s why, here we have come up with a detailed post on How to Choose the Right Sunscreen.
How to Choose the Right Sunscreen
Sun Protection Factor or SPF
This is the first thing that we need to consider while choosing the right sunscreen. SPF is normally indicated on the label of the sunscreen along with PA. So, lets quickly check out what do these mean?
There are two types of UV radiation – UVA and UVB. UVA is long wavelength UV rays that usually penetrate deeper into the skin and results in premature aging. skin cancer and extreme dryness of the skin. UVB is short wavelength UV rays that mainly affect the skin surface and cause sun burn and sun tan.
The PA of a sunscreen indicates the protection against UVA and SPF indicates the protection against UVB. Always choose a broad spectrum sunscreen which means the particular formula has SPF and PA and offers protection against both UVA and UVB.
The higher the SPF (SPF 30 or more) and PA (PA +++) value the better protection it offers against the sun damage.
Types of Sun Exposure
There are normally two types of sun exposure – Incidental and Intense exposure. Incidental sun exposure means when you are out in the sun just for few minutes. A sunscreen with SPF 15-25 would be sufficient for these types of exposures. It will filter out about 93% of the UV radiation, however, make sure the sunscreen offers broad spectrum protection, which means it should protect against both UVA and UVB rays.
For intense sun exposure, which means you are out in the sun for hours, always choose a water-resistant, broad spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30 or more. SPF 30 is capable of protecting our skin from almost 97% of the UV rays.
Choosing the right sunscreen largely depends on our skin type. Here are few quick tips on the best sunscreen for each skin type:
Oily Skin : Go for a water based or gel based sunscreen with a matte finish. You can also opt for spray sunblocks or powder sunscreens.
Dry Skin : Cream based sunscreens are best for dry skin beauties.
Combination Skin : Spray sunscreens or lightweight lotion based sunscreens are perfect for combination skin type.
Normal Skin : If you have normal skin, choose any lotion based sunscreen for right amount of hydration along with sun protection.
Acne prone skin : If you have acne prone skin, read carefully the label before buying your sunscreen. Go for a fragrance free, non comedogenic formula in the form of spray or lotion. Many brands have come up with sunscreens that are specially formulated for acne prone skin, so its better to get one of those for safe and complete sun protection.
Do you know, that our skin color or complexion plays a vital role in finding the right sunscreen for us?
Fair Skin Tone : People with fair skin tone should go for sunscreens with SPF 50 or more. Fair skin is considered to be more fragile and more sensitive which calls for higher SPF.
Dark Skin Tone : People with dark skin tone may get tanned easily, but luckily they have lesser chance of suffering from sunburn. Most of the sunscreens often look whitish or chalky on them. So, people with dark skin tone should choose a sunscreen with PABA (para-aminobenzoic acid) and cinnamates in the ingredient list. Avoid sunscreen that contain zinc oxide and titanium dioxide as they might look whitish on the skin. A sunscreen with SPF 30 should be good for them.
So these were few tips on How to Choose the Right Sunscreen. I hope you found the information that we shared here, good enough to help you find the perfect sunscreen henceforth 🙂